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Get the latest coverage of the 2022 Florida legislative session in Tallahassee from our coverage partners and WUSF.

Teachers question DeSantis' definition of freedom as Republicans advance LGBTQ, history measures

Florida Officer Portrait for FEA Union President Andrew Spar
Florida Education Association
Used with Permission
Florida Education Association union president Andrew Spar

Bills before the Florida Legislature would severely restrict what teachers can say when it comes to race, history and LGBTQ issues. The leader of Florida's largest teachers union says anti-public school policies have fractured public education.

Florida teachers say their profession is struggling. The state has more than 4,300 thousand teacher openings well into the school year. Another 5,000 job postings are for support staff like bus drivers, substitutes and office personnel. The state’s largest teachers union fears bills moving the state legislature will only exacerbate the issues.

There are bills that would severely restrict what teachers can say when it comes to race, history and LGBTQ issues. Other proposals would let parents sue school districts over material they don’t like. There’s a bill to make school board positions unpaid and another that would impose term limits on the board.

“What we really want to talk about is what should be done in our schools, and not spend a lot of time talking about bills that don’t help, and actually hurt, the ability of schools to recruit the best teachers and staff to work in our schools and continue to work in our schools," said Florida Education Association President Andrew Spar in an interview with WFSU.

The FEA is the state's largest teacher’s union. And while Spar would like to spend more time talking about ways to shore up the state’s teaching workforce, that’s not the conversation driving legislative efforts at the state capitol. Instead—the focus has largely been on what teachers teach, how they teach it, and whether they even should.

Spar says in a state that Governor Ron DeSantis touts as the free-est state in the nation, “the question has to be ‘Free-est state for who?’ Who benefits from this so-called ‘free-est state?’”

For the past 20 years, the state's Republican leaders have blamed teachers and public schools for various failings—the legislature ended long-term teacher contracts, it's tried repeatedly to end teacher's unions, and it's made it harder for teachers to earn pay increases. Just last year, the University of South Florida considered closing its education school due to low enrollment and Spar notes people are giving up on teaching as a profession.

“What we know needs to happen is one, we need to change the dialogue. The vitriol and the putting down of educators and people who dedicate their lives to helping students, makes no sense. We hear it from the governor. We hear it from the policymakers, we hear it from the pundits. And that makes no sense.”  

Spar believes the end result of anti-public school policies has fractured public education. And it's reaching a breaking point.

“I do believe there are some who want to break the system to the point where there’s not a lot of options, and then you have an education system for those who have, and those who don’t. And you’re essentially resegregating schools based upon racial, ethnicity or economics—you’re doing that.”  

Which flies in the face, says Spar, of what Thomas Jefferson envisioned: that a well-educated population was critical to the survival of the Republic. What would Jefferson say if he saw the state of public schools now? Spar notes that public education is an American invention.

“Just about every leader has talked about the importance and value of public education, yet Florida ranks 43rd in the nation for funding our public schools and we’re one of the wealthiest states in the nation. We talk about needing to help kids who are behind—we’ve had high-stakes testing for more than 20 years, yet nearly half of our third graders aren’t reading on grade level. And we haven’t even gotten to the crux of what needs to change. And that is recognizing That the kids who aren’t reading on grade level are almost exclusively kids who live in poverty.”  

That last issue—Florida’s standardized testing system? Gov. Ron DeSantis has proposed getting rid of it and replacing it with something called progress monitoring. It's one of the few DeSantis-backed initiatives the union is supporting.

Spar sees public education as the solution—not the problem. But there’s another view: one that notes not all public schools are quality schools and many have repeatedly failed students. That view says parents should have a greater say in what is being taught and how, and that parents should not be tied to one school. Florida’s Republican-led legislature has long touted school choice as a solution to address poverty in education. And that’s the agenda that continues to dominate Florida's education policy today.
Copyright 2022 WFSU. To see more, visit WFSU.

Lynn Hatter is a Florida A&M University graduate with a bachelor’s degree in journalism. Lynn has served as reporter/producer for WFSU since 2007 with education and health care issues as her key coverage areas. She is an award-winning member of the Capital Press Corps and has participated in the NPR Kaiser Health News Reporting Partnership and NPR Education Initiative. When she’s not working, Lynn spends her time watching sci-fi and action movies, writing her own books, going on long walks through the woods, traveling and exploring antique stores. Follow Lynn Hatter on Twitter: @HatterLynn.